Lemmen: The Two Sisters or The Serruys Sisters – 1894

Georges Lemmen: The Two Sisters or The Serruys Sisters – 1894 Indianapolis Museum of Art The Serruys family lived in the Belgian town of Menin (now forever associated with the Great War). Edmond Serruys was a wealthy textile mill owner. […]

Seurat’s Drawings

Seurat’s Drawings Seurat had already acquired precocious skill in drawing by 1877-8 – his copies of work by Raphael, Poussin and Holbein are notable for their remarkable exactitude.  Later, progressing to his mature style, he worked with conté crayon and […]

Tenebrism

Tenebrism The term derives from the Italian (and also Spanish) word for ‘dark’ – tenebroso. It is associated most strongly with the paintings of Caravaggio and his followers, and later, Rembrandt and other painters of the Dutch golden century. It […]

Angrand: The Seine at Dawn

Charles Angrand: The Seine at Dawn – 1889 Geneva, Musée du Petit Palais Angrand’s preference was for rural subject matter inspired by time spent away from Paris in his native Normandy – a passion shared with Camille Pissarro, who had […]

Seurat: Chahut

Georges Seurat: Le Chahut – 1890 Otterlo, Netherlands, Kröller-Müller Museum This painting was inspired by visits to a cabaret, La Divan Japonais and might be considered as complementary to Parade du Cirque of 1888,  illustrating Seurat’s interest in places of […]

Japonisme

Japonisme A French term coined by the French critic Philippe Burty in 1872 to describe the influence of Japanese art and aesthetics on French and later Western art during the latter half of the nineteenth century. There has been much […]

Seurat: Young Woman Powdering Herself

Georges Seurat: Young Woman Powdering Herself – 1889-90 London, Courtauld Institute Galleries First Exhibited at the Salon des Independants 1890 along with Le Chahut, Young Woman Powdering Herself was almost ignored by the critics who were much more interested in […]

Cross: Madame Hector France

Henri Edmond Cross: Madame Hector France – 1891  Paris, Musée d’Orsay This portrait of his future wife was Cross’s first foray into painting in the Neo-Impressionist style. He had been a founding member of the Société des Artists Indépendants and […]

Signac: Cap Lombard, Cassis

Paul Signac: Cap Lombard, Cassis – 1889 Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag In late March 1889 Signac left Paris for the south of France, stopping at Arles to visit van Gogh in hospital, and continuing to Cassis near Marseilles. From Cassis Signac […]

Applying Science to Art

Applying Science to Art “Some say they see poetry in my paintings, I see only science” — Seurat By the late 1870’s Georges Seurat had read Grammaire des arts du dessin (1867) by Charles Blanc in which Blanc describes the process he called ‘optical […]